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The types and causes of traumatic brain injury

Traumatic brain injuries, or TBIs, can happen in so many different ways. There are also different kinds of TBI depending on how they happened. Fortunately, with swift treatment from medical providers, those suffering from TBI can experience some improvements and recovery. However, results will certainly vary.

As for the kinds of activities that cause TBI, transportation accidents are the leading cause -- especially car, bicycle, pedestrian, and motorcycle crashes. Among Canada residents under the age of 75, transportation-related accidents cause 80 percent of TBIs. The next most common cause of TBIs is violence, which causes 20 percent of TBIs -- particularly violence from firearms and child abuse. Another 3 percent are caused by sports injuries.

Interestingly, 50 percent of all TBIs have alcohol associated with them in some form or another. Either the person who caused the TBI or the person who suffered the TBI was under the influence of alcohol at the time of the incident.

The most common type of TBI is concussion. This is also the most minor kind of TBI in terms of severity. However, when concussion happens over and over again, severe and permanent effects can manifest. Skull fractures are more severe than concussions because they can result in the bruising (or contusion) of brain tissue. Anoxia is another type of brain injury that results from the absence of adequate blood supply to the brain. Anoxia can happen to people who suffer from near-drowning, strangulation, heart attack, or loss of blood flow to the brain.

Canada residents suffering from TBI will have to contend with stiff medical bills and possibly an inability to work. As such TBI not only manifests as severe physical problems but also a severe financial expense. For individuals whose TBIs were caused by another party's negligence, a personal injury claim against the at-fault party may be the answer to getting financial compensation to cover those costs.

Source: Saskatchewan Brain Injury Association, "About Brain Injury," accessed Aug. 04, 2016

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